Attract Many Beneficial Insects

Flowers That Attract Many Beneficial Insects
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Introduction

To attract many beneficial insects is not difficult.  Also, use a strategy called farmscaping.  Add plants that attract many beneficial insects.  Therefore, they will beautify your garden and landscape.  Consequently, keeping beneficial bugs.  Pesticides are a useful tool.  However, overuse causes pest insects to build resistance.  Moreover, destroying all beneficial insects.  Additionally, using certain plants from the list below encourages biodiversity.  And healthy populations of beneficial garden insects. Uniquely, acting as Mother Nature’s best defense against damaging pests.  In addition, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and farming both rely on using these plants.  Therefore, attract many beneficial insects preying on gardens or crop pests.

Farmscaping

“Farmsacaping” is a relatively new term.  Simply means: a whole farm ecological approach to pest management.  Particularly for insects.  The entomologist, Dr. Robert Bugg coined the term.  Defined as the “deliberate use of specific plants and landscaping techniques.  Therefore, attracting and conserving “beneficials’.  Meaning beneficial insects.  It’s arranging plants used for biodiversity of landscaping.  As well as economic purposes (cash crops).  In other words, insectary plants used for food and habitat of beneficial insects. Sometimes, farmscaping is broadened beyond growing insectary plants.  Also included are trap crops: i.e. plants attractive to the pest. Similarly, establishing adjacent to a cash crop.

A general rule of thumb.  Designate between 5 and 10 percent of your garden or farm to plants that attract many beneficial insects.  Also important is planting so there are blooms year-round. Additionally, beneficial insects will not stay without food. Continuous bloom feature in farmscaping has earned its’ nickname.  The “chocolate box ecology”.  Your garden or farm will be beautiful year-round with a variety of colorful blooms.  And humming insects.

The strategy farmscaping, will keep pest insects controlled.  Adding plants to attract many beneficial insects.  Also, suppressing weeds.  And growing near desired plants, are not competing for space, light, and nutrients.

Farmscaping: Benefits/Locations

(1) Living mulches or traps near desired plants.

(2) Fence rows or borders.

(3) Island patches. 

4)  Occupying entire rows spaced at regular intervals.

5) Herbs/flowers inter-planted with vegetable plants or fruit trees.

Types of Many Beneficial Insects

There are three types of beneficial insects.  Pollinators, predators and parasites.

Pollinators, such as honeybees, fertilize flowers. They increase the productivity of food crops ranging from fruit to vegetables.

Predators, such as lady beetles and soldier bugs, consume pest insects as food.

Parasites use pests as nurseries for their young.  All three can be feeding on pests.  Or on flower pollen and nectar in a diversified garden.

Subsequently, in a diversified farmscape, all three above can feed on pests at the same time.  As well as flower pollen and nectar.  By knowing these good bugs, it’s easier to appreciate their work.  And understand why not to use broad-spectrum pesticides.

Using Pesticides

Pesticides, even organic ones, are not safe or healthy.  Keep and attract many beneficial insects is the most effective pest control.  Likewise, adding certain plants from the list below to your garden or farm encourages biodiversity.  And healthy populations of beneficial garden insects.  Therefore, making Mother Nature’s best organic pest control.  Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for gardening and farming methods both rely on plants that attract many beneficial insects.  Equally preying on damaging garden pests.  Farming or gardening organically, build and keep attractants for beneficials.

In Conclusion

You have to help nature.  Add plants to attract many beneficial insects. Helping Nature makes your job as a gardener easier.  As well as safer.  Crawling and flying creatures diet includes pests ravaging your garden. They need attracting plants.  Beneficial predatory insects do not live on aphids alone. Also, needing other natural sources of food.  And shelter for their life cycle.  Before calling a backyard their permanent home.

Again, the addition of certain plants from the list below encourages biodiversity.  And healthy populations of many beneficial insects. It’s Mother Nature’s best defense against damaging pests. 

In Conclusion

You have to help nature.  Add plants and water to attract many beneficial insects. Helping Nature makes your job as a gardener easier.  As well as safer.  Crawling and flying creatures diet includes pests ravaging your garden. They need attracting plants.  Beneficial predatory insects do not live on aphids alone. Also, needing other natural sources of food.  And shelter for their life cycle.  Before calling a backyard their permanent home.

Again, the addition of certain plants from the list below encourages biodiversity.  And healthy populations of many beneficial insects. It’s Mother Nature’s best defense against damaging pests. 

Water Fountain: Attract many beneficial insects

Plants That Attract Many Predatory Insects:

Lacewing

Achillea filipendulina — Fern-leaf yarrow
Anethum graveolens — Dill
Angelica gigas — Angelica
Anthemis tinctoria — Golden marguerite
Atriplex canescens — Four-wing saltbush
Callirhoe involucrata — Purple poppy mallow
Carum carvi — Caraway
Coriandrum sativum — Coriander
Cosmos bipinnatus — Cosmos white sensation
Daucus carota — Queen Anne’s lace
Foeniculum vulgare — Fennel
Helianthus maximilianii — Prairie sunflower
Tanacetum vulgare — Tansy
Taraxacum officinale — Dandelion

Ladybugs

Achillea filipendulina — Fern-leaf yarrow
Achillea millefolium — Common yarrow
Ajuga reptans — Carpet bugleweed
Alyssum saxatilis — Basket of Gold
Anethum graveolens — Dill
Anthemis tinctoria — Golden marguerite
Asclepias tuberosa — Butterfly weed
Atriplex canescens — Four-wing saltbush
Coriandrum sativum — Coriander
Daucus carota — Queen Anne’s lace
Eriogonum fasciculatum — CA Buckwheat
Foeniculum vulgare — Fennel
Helianthus maximilianii — Prairie sunflower
Penstemon strictus — Rocky Mt. penstemon
Potentilla recta ‘warrenii’ — Sulfur cinquefoil
Potentilla villosa — Alpine cinquefoil
Tagetes tenuifolia — Marigold “lemon gem”
Tanacetum vulgare — Tansy
Taraxacum officinale — Dandelion
Veronica spicata — Spike speedwell
Vicia villosa — Hairy vetch

Hover Fly

Achillea filipendulina — Fern-leaf yarrow
Achillea millefolium — Common yarrow
Ajuga reptans — Carpet bugleweed
Allium tanguticum — Lavender globe lily
Alyssum saxatilis — Basket of Gold
Anethum graveolens — DillAnthemis tinctoria — Golden marguerite
Aster alpinus — Dwarf alpine aster
Astrantia major — Masterwort
Atriplex canescens — Four-wing saltbush
Callirhoe involucrata — Purple poppy mallow
Carum carvi — Caraway
Chrysanthemum parthenium — Feverfew
Coriandrum sativum — Coriander
Cosmos bipinnatus — Cosmos white sensation
Daucus carota — Queen Anne’s lace
Eriogonum fasciculatum CA — Buckwheat
Foeniculum vulgare — Fennel
Lavandula angustifolia — English lavender
Limnanthes douglasii — Poached egg plant
Limonium latifolium — Statice
Linaria vulgaris — Butter and eggs
Lobelia erinus — Edging lobelia
Lobularia maritima — Sweet alyssum white
Melissa officinalis — Lemon balm
Mentha pulegium — Pennyroyal
Mentha spicata — Spearmint
Monarda fistulosa — Wild bergamot
Penstemon strictus — Rocky Mt. penstemon
Petroselinum crispum — ParsleyPotentilla recta ‘warrenii’ — Sulfur cinquefoil
Potentilla villosa — Alpine cinquefoil
Rudbeckia fulgida — Gloriosa daisy
Sedum kamtschaticum — Orange stonecrop
Sedum spurium — Stonecrops
Solidago virgaurea — Peter Pan goldenrod
Stachys officinalis — Wood betony
Tagetes tenuifolia — Marigold “lemon gem”
Thymus serpylum coccineus — Crimson thyme
Veronica spicata — Spike speedwell
Zinnia elegans — Zinnia “liliput”

Parasitic Mini-Wasps

Achillea filipendulina — Fern-leaf yarrow
Achillea millefolium — Common yarrow
Allium tanguticum — Lavender globe lily
Anethum graveolens — Dill
Anthemis tinctoria— Golden marguerite
Astrantia major — Masterwort
Callirhoe involucrata — Purple poppy mallow
Carum carvi — Caraway
Coriandrum sativum — Coriander
Cosmos bipinnatus — Cosmos white sensation
Daucus carota — Queen Anne’s lace
Foeniculum vulgare — Fennel
Limonium latifolium — Statice
Linaria vulgaris — Butter and eggs
Lobelia erinus — Edging lobelia
Lobularia maritima — Sweet alyssum – white
Melissa officinalis — Lemon balm
Mentha pulegium — Pennyroyal
Petroselinum crispum — Parsley
Potentilla recta ‘warrenii’ — Sulfur cinquefoil
Potentilla villosa — Alpine cinquefoil
Sedum kamtschaticum — Orange stonecrop
Tagetes tenuifolia — Marigold – lemon gem
Tanacetum vulgare — Tansy
Thymus serpylum coccineus — Crimson thyme
Zinnia elegans — Zinnia – ‘liliput’

Tachinid flies

Achillea filipendulina — Fern-leaf yarrow
Achillea millefolium — Common yarrow
Allium tanguticum — Lavender globe lily
Anethum graveolens — Dill
Anthemis tinctoria— Golden marguerite
Astrantia major — Masterwort
Callirhoe involucrata — Purple poppy mallow
Carum carvi — Caraway
Coriandrum sativum — Coriander
Cosmos bipinnatus — Cosmos white sensation
Daucus carota — Queen Anne’s lace
Foeniculum vulgare — Fennel
Limonium latifolium — Statice
Linaria vulgaris — Butter and eggs
Lobelia erinus — Edging lobelia
Lobularia maritima — Sweet alyssum – white
Melissa officinalis — Lemon balm
Mentha pulegium — Pennyroyal
Petroselinum crispum — Parsley
Potentilla recta ‘warrenii’ — Sulfur cinquefoil
Potentilla villosa — Alpine cinquefoil
Sedum kamtschaticum — Orange stonecrop
Tagetes tenuifolia — Marigold – lemon gem
Tanacetum vulgare — Tansy
Thymus serpylum coccineus — Crimson thyme
Zinnia elegans — Zinnia – ‘liliput’

Minute Pirate Bugs, Damsel Bugs Big Eyed Bugs:

Carum carvi — Caraway
Cosmos bipinnatus — Cosmos “white sensation”
Foeniculum vulgare — Fennel
Medicago sativa — Alfalfa
Mentha spicata — Spearmint
Solidago virgaurea — Peter Pan goldenrod
Tagetes tenuifolia — Marigold “lemon gem”

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