Types of Lilies
Types of lilies are divided into different classifications. The ancient peoples believed that lilies were the tokens of fertility and a pure life. Their flowers were offered to gods to appease them. The flower has been cultivated for over three thousand years. Feng Shui believers consider the lily to be an emblem of summer and prosperity; in China lily stands for “Forever in love”.
The plants are in the genus of lillium and are divided into six major categories: For example, Asiatic, Oriental, longiflorum x Asiatic, Tiger, Trumpet, and Orienpet. Many of the lillium family have been cross bred (for example, Orientals with Trumpets now known as Orienpets) developing into some of the most unique and colorful lilies to date! Due to their differences during bloom periods, you can have the plants blooming as early as mid-May through late August. Similarly, in some cases, into September.
Many types of lilies are grown for example, in the garden, containers, florists, for instance. In addition, most of these are hybrids. They vary according to their parent species, and are classified in the following broad groups;
Asiatic or Asian Lilies
Hybrid and Common
Asiatic lily is distinguished by smaller blooms. And is, most importantly,less odorous making them appealing for allergy sufferers. Asian lilies are bred in a vast range of shades and colors. They are well known for their early bloom period, strong stems, forcing ability, and long lasting blooms.
Martagon hybrids. Sometimes known as Tiger Lilies. These are based on L. martagon and L. hansonii. The flowers are nodding, Turk’s cap style certainly with the petals strongly re-curved.
Candidum hybrids. On the other hand sometimes known as Easter Lily. This includes hybrids of L. candidum with several other mostly European species.
American hybrids. Above all they are taller growing forms of lilies. Originally derived from L. pardalinum, Most importantly, they are sometimes referred to as “tree” lilies plus Orienpets. Many are clump-forming perennials with rhizomatous rootstocks.
Longiflorum Asian Lilies
Longiflorum hybrids. Firstly, these are cultivated forms of this species and its subspecies. As a result, the petals are thinner in cell structure. Therefore, will not last as long outdoors as their cousins the Asian Lilies. In Addition, they are most important as plants for cut flowers. And are less often grown in the garden than other hybrids.
Trumpet lilies. Similarly sometimes called Easter Lilies. Likewise including Aurelian hybrids (with L.henryi). That is to say, this group includes hybrids of many Asiatic species, including L. regale and L. aurelianse. The flowers are trumpet shaped, facing outward somewhat downward. Most importantly,Trumpet Lilies tend to be strongly fragrant, during especially evening hours.
Oriental hybrids. The most recognized lily in the lilium family is this variety. Pictured is the Double/Rose Oriental Lily, the newest addition to this class. Certainly, the most familiar Oriental lilies are Stargazer, Cassablanca, for example. In addition, these are based on hybrids of L. auratum and L. speciosum, together with crossbreeds from several Japan native species. Likewise, they are fragrant, and the flowers tend to be outward facing. Plants tend to be tall, and the flowers may be quite large. For example, Lilium “Cassablanca”.
Double Rose Oriental lilies are in this class. A new breed of oriental lilies. Double Rose lilies are bred to have no pollen. In addition, have a sweet light fragrance. Longest lasting of all lilies except for Asians in the garden or as bouquets.
Species. All natural species and naturally occurring forms are included in this group.
Many newer commercial varieties are developed by using new technologies such as in vitro pollination, ovary culture and embryo rescue.