Types of lilies are divided into different classifications. Ancient peoples believed that lilies were the tokens of fertility, pure life. Moreover, their flowers were offered to gods to appease them. Lily flowers have been cultivated for over three thousand years. Most importantly, Feng Shui believers consider the lily an emblem of summer and prosperity. Similarly, in China lily stands for “Forever in love”.
Lily plants are in the genus of lillium. However, divided into six major categories: Asiatic, Oriental, longiflorum x Asiatic, Tiger, Trumpet, and Orienpet. Subsequently, many of the lillium family have been cross bred. For example, Orientals with Trumpets now known as Orienpets. Subsequently develop into some of the most unique and colorful lilies! Certainly, due to their differences during bloom periods, the plants can be blooming as early as mid-May through late August. Similarly, in some cases, into September.
Many types of lily classifications are grown many different ways. For example in the garden, containers, florists. In addition, most are hybrids. In the same vein, they vary according to their parent species. And are classified in the following broad groups:
Asiatic or Asian Lilies
Hybrid and Common
Asiatic lily: distinguished by smaller blooms. Most importantly, less odorous. Making them appealing for allergy sufferers. Asian lilies are bred in a vast range of shades and colors. As a result, they are well known for their early bloom period. And strong stems, forcing ability, long lasting blooms.
Martagon hybrids. Sometimes known as Tiger Lilies. Based on L. martagon and L. hansonii, for example. Therefore, the flowers are nodding. In addition, Turk’s cap style with the petals strongly re-curved.
Candidum hybrids. Also, known as Easter Lily. Likewise, this includes hybrids of L. candidum. And several other European species.
American hybrids. Above all, taller growing forms of lilies. Likewise, originally derived from L. pardalinum, Most importantly, referred as “tree” lilies. In addition, clump-forming perennials with rhizomatous root stocks.
Longiflorum Asian Lilies
Longiflorum hybrids. Firstly, are cultivated forms of this species. And its subspecies. As a result, the petals are thinner in cell structure. Therefore, will not last long outdoors as their cousins Asian Lilies. In Addition, important plants for cut flowers. Uniquely light fragrance. And less often grown in the garden than other hybrids.
Trumpet lilies. Similarly called Easter Lilies. Likewise including Aurelian hybrids (with L.henryi). That is to say, includes hybrids of many Asiatic species. Including L. regale and L. aurelianse. Flowers are trumpet shaped. Equally facing outward. And somewhat downward. Most importantly,Trumpet Lilies are strongly fragrant. Moreover, during evening hours.
Oriental hybrids. Most recognized in the lilium family. Furthermore, Double Oriental or Rose Lilies are newest addition to this class. Certainly, most familiar Oriental lilies are Stargazer, Casablanca, for example. Oriental hybrids are based on hybrids of L. auratum. And L. speciosum. In addition, crossbreeds from several Japan native species. Very fragrant. Also, flowers face outward and downward. Tend to be tall, quite large. For example, Lilium “Cassablanca”.
Double Rose Oriental lilies: a new breed of Oriental lilies. Uniquely bred having no pollen. In addition, a sweet light fragrance. Longest lasting of all lilies except for Asians. Or as bouquets.
All natural species. And natural forms of lilies.
Many newer commercial varieties are developed. Together with sophisticated technologies. For instance as in vitro pollination, ovary culture, and embryo rescue.